Scoliosis affects a small percentage of people in the US. While it usually isn’t serious, it is a good idea to have some familiarly with it, as well as how to treat it.
Scoliosis is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It is a three dimensional deformity involving the spine and the rib cage, and may be evident in the thoracic area (upper back), lumbar area (lower back) or most commonly, in the thoracolumbar area (middle back). Scoliosis is often categorized based on the severity of the curvature and the angle of trunk rotation. The condition may also be accompanied by several compensatory mechanisms such as the exaggerated backward curving of the spine (hyperkyphosis) or the swayback wherein the forward rounding of the lower spine is excessive (hyperlordosis). The highest point of the abnormal curvature of the spine defines the apex and indicates the area with the most severe degree of rotation. The apex is also very important in defining the location of the scoliosis and in treating the deformity.
Mild scoliosis is not serious and does not necessitate any treatment other than regular monitoring. Patients with moderate scoliosis experience difficulty exercising and may have low tolerance for regular physical activity. Severe scoliosis may cause the ribs to compress the lungs and this results in the reduction of oxygen levels and breathing. It may also expose patients to a higher risk of developing lung infections and pneumonia.
Who Gets Scoliosis?
Who gets scoliosis? Scoliosis is a common condition (about 1 in every 100) in the general population and is mostly present in its mild form. Scoliosis is common among adolescents, particularly among girls between the ages 10 and 16. It can be seen at any age, but the deformity typically manifests during childhood and typically goes undiagnosed due to the slight changes in the alignment of the spine which are not usually apparent to the naked eye.
Teens and young children with family history of scoliosis are at a high risk of developing it and need regular check-up with physicians to detect the condition early on its development. Individuals with conditions involving the joints and muscles may also develop scoliosis. It may also occur among young athletes, particularly among girls who participate in sports such as rhythmic and aerobic gymnastics. Factors such as constant imbalance in the weight on the spine, joint loosening and delay on the onset of puberty also contribute to the development of scoliosis.
Pivonka Family Chiropractic
1355 S Higley Rd #102
Gilbert, AZ 85296